WAREHOUSE TYPES

Real Estate Broker, Consultant, and Advisory Services

 

Commercial buildings are often classified as A, B, or C. Class A buildings are typically the most desirable in terms of location and quality of construction. Since they’re the most attractive they also command the highest rents. Class B buildings are more practical for the average company. They tend to have ordinary to excellent designs but generally lack the prestige of the Class A buildings and therefore are priced lower. Class C describes older, no-frills buildings that offer basic space at a low rate. They tend to have below average maintenance, inferior features and older mechanical and electrical systems.

The classification of warehouses is very diverse. They are classified by different traits. By storing method: closed, open and half closed. In turn closed warehouses can be classified by the number of different factors and traits that are inherently needed for the warehousing intended use. Due to the tendency of saving space, construction of warehouses now tends to rise in height - higher clear spans, the enlargement of aisles, and enhanced technological features.

In addition, warehouses can be categorized by Class (A to D), just as office buildings or other types of commercial buildings, depending on such factors as: location, the quality of roads leading to the site (including the presence of the railway branch), the type and  range of the stored goods, warehouse space and limits concerning the dimensions of the stored goods, the provision of related services, availability of qualified personnel, securuty, and HVAC requirements.

The classification of warehouses is very diverse. They are classified by numerous features, functions, uses, and different traits. By storing method: closed, open and half closed. Enclosed warehouses can be classified by the number of bays (multi-bays, on ground level, and underground. The modern construction of warehouses structures can utilize  light alloys for the building envelope.

Class A Warehouses – Buildings, built specially built for implementation of warehouse activities. There are requirements concerning the materials which were used during the construction of the building, height of the ceilings, width of the aisles, the possibility of adapting the inner space depending on the type of the stored goods. The existence of a railway, a modern security system, an autonomous electricity system and water supply system, the possibility of organizing office space, proximity to major highways. These warehouses are usually one-story buildings with special floor covering, heavy equipment, the availability of specialized rooms - offices, administrative,and  auxiliary requirements . With a modern fire-extinguishing system. With the ability to regulate the level of humidity, temperature, illumination indoors, depending on the type of stored goods.
 
Class B Warehouses – relatively new or reconstructed buildings, usually with mutiple stories. There are standards concerning ceiling height,  the presence of a ramp for unloading trucks, the availability of automated gates, cargo lifts, modern fire suppression systems, the presence of auxiliary facilities or the possibility of organizing them. Major investments are required in equipping warehouses with modern technical facilities, as well as hiring skilled guards

Class C Warehouses – buildings, not meant for storage originally (usually former factories, haulage companies, or different hangars), or warehouses built during the last century.  These warehouses may have a HVAC system and a ramp for unloading trucks. They need a lot of funds to move up in the classification, first of all to remove the old equipment, create the security system, equipping the spare gates, loading docks, driveways,and areas needed for maneuvering trucking.

Class D Warehouses –areas and rooms not specifically made for storage. They could be basements, cellars, garages and other separate buildings without HVAC systems. Such warehouses usually house things that do not need specific storage conditions, tough against outside influence of weather, for example raw materials. Such warehouses are not upgraded, but used in the condition they are in already, since the costs of the modernization can be higher than those of building a new warehouse. No services, for example security, are offered